TypeScript and Object-oriented Programming Fundamentals

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Anders Hejlsberg is known as the creator of TypeScript. On 2010, he and his team began developing TypeScript, and in 2012 they released TypeScript 0.8 for the first time. There were several versions of TypeScript released since 2012. The last version announced is TypeScript 3.2 RC, which is the release candidate of the next version. According to Anders Hejlsberg, JavaScript is TypeScript, but TypeScript is not JavaScript, which makes TypeScript a superset of the JavaScript language. That means that any valid JavaScript code is also valid TypeScript code.

TypeScript has additional features and does not exist in the current version of JavaScript, supported by most browsers out there. In TypeScript, we have this concept of strong or static typing. If you have worked with languages like C# or Java, you know that in these languages when we define a variable, we need to specify the type of that variable. In TypeScript typing is optional so we don’t have to use this feature. But using this feature makes our applications more predictable and it also makes it easier to debug them when something goes wrong. Typescript also brings Object-oriented features that we have missed in JavaScript for a long time. We have the concepts of classes, interfaces, constructors, access modifiers like public and private, fields, properties, generics, and so on. Another benefit of using TypeScript is that with TypeScript we can catch errors at compile time instead of the runtime, of course not all errors but a lot of them. There is a compilation step involved, and when we compile with TypeScript code, we can catch these errors and fix them before deploying our application. And finally, another benefit of using TypeScript is that we get access to some great tools out there. One thing that I personally love about TypeScript is the autocomplete suggestions that we get in our code editors as we are coding, like Atom and Visual Studio Code.

TypeScript is a beautiful language but the browsers that we use every day don’t know TypeScript, and it is very unlikely that the browsers are going to support TypeScript in the future. So, we need to compile or more accurately Transpile our TypeScript code into JavaScript code.  This is part of building an application. Whenever we build an application TypeScript compiler kicks in and it Transpiles TypeScript code into JavaScript code that browsers can understand.

 

References: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TypeScript,

https://channel9.msdn.com/posts/Anders-Hejlsberg-Introducing-TypeScript,

 

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